Healthcare Facts

Healthcare Facts


“Take Care of Your Body. It’s the Only Place You Have to Live.” – Jim Rohn

What Are Musculoskeletal Disorders “MSDs”?

MSDs are soft tissue injuries that affect the muscles, tendons, nerves, ligaments, joints, and blood vessels. MSDs are typically caused or made worse by repeated exertions, awkward positions, and/or forceful movements.

MSD Injuries

Can occur anywhere throughout the entire body including the neck, back, upper and lower extremity

Causes can be:

  • Traumatic (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blow)
  • Atraumatic (postural strain, repetitive movements, overuse, wear and tear, poor workplace ergonomics)

Signs and symptoms typically worsen over time without proper treatment

Develop over a period of weeks, months, or even years

Are typically the result of many different factors

Signs and Symptoms


Phenomenon that can be physically observed, felt, or heard

  • Redness, swelling, crepitus, reduced range of motion, loss of strength


Phenomenon that is experienced by the individual

  • Pain, discomfort, aching, numbness, tingling, burning, stiffness, fatigue

If not appropriately treated, MSDs eventually lead to further physical and/or psychological  complications that result in increased pain, fatigue, repetitive injuries, and decreased productivity and engagement.

Fatigue & Productivity

Fatigue & Productivity

MSD’s are the second-most common cause of disability in work settings and are responsible for 40-50% of the costs of all work-related diseases

50% of all more-than-3-day absences from work – and 49% of all more-than-two-week absences – are caused by MSDs

On average, employers spend about $103,000 for every 100 employees annually because of the economic and social pressure of MSDs in the working-age population

In addition to discomfort and pain, MSDs can have an adverse impact on an individual’s performance, including concentration, cognitive capacity, rationality/mood, mobility, stamina, and agility.


Lost Productivity & Employer Costs


of the workforce experiences a loss in productive working hours due to common pain conditions (i.e. headaches, back pain, and other MSD-related symptoms)


of this lost 13% was self-reported by employees as reduced performance WHILE at work, not employee absence

5.2 HRS

productive working hours lost weekly, per employee, due to these common pain conditions

$61B USD

quantified annual cost of these lost productive hours to US businesses. (~$6.7B for CDN Businesses)

Lost Productivity & Employer Costs

Effects of Employee Wellness Programs

Effects of Employee Wellness Programs

$3.27 Return Per Dollar

invested in wellness programs, of which $2.73 attributed directly to a drop in absenteeism

1.5-1.7 Days Decrease

in absenteeism per employee, per year achieved by wellness programs


of employees participating in wellness programs report positive lifestyle improvements


of Employees want their employers to implement more wellness programs